250 Km In Miles – Let’s say you can buy a new 2016 Nissan Leaf that is rated not at 107 miles but at 155 miles. That would be a much more desirable car, wouldn’t it?
The bottom line is that both cars are identical. What differs is the rating process used to calculate the range of electric cars.
250 Km In Miles
At a press conference yesterday at the Frankfurt Motor Show for the GripZ concept – a very stylish little crossover about the size of the current Nissan Juke – Nissan’s European arm said the 2016 Leaf will soon be launched with an improved range.
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As in North America, the Leaf SV and SL models will carry a 30-kilowatt-hour battery that increases range by 20 percent.
Although the US Environmental Protection Agency puts the model’s range at 107 miles combined, its European range is estimated at 250 kilometers or 155 miles.
As with petrol and diesel cars, the performance ratings shown for electric cars depend on how they are tested. And the testing process used by the New European Driving Cycle is shorter and slower than the EPA process.
The EPA city test is 31 minutes, for example, while the European “City” test is 13 minutes.
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The NEDC “Extra urban” test lasts 6 minutes, 40 seconds. the equivalent EPA highway test is 12 minutes, 45 seconds.
Reflecting the different traffic conditions between centuries-old European cities and large post-war US suburbs, speeds also differ.
During the 13-minute NEDC city test, top speed reached just 30 mph, and that pace was maintained for just 12 seconds.
The rest of the test involved slow acceleration and deceleration, while more than 2 minutes were spent stationary.
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By comparison, the EPA’s city test sometimes gets close to 60 mph, while the rest is spent accelerating up to 30 mph, then back to a dead stop—and repetitive—for real stop-start driving that’s more performance-challenging.
This is similar to the highway test — not only are the EPA tests longer, but the car spends more time at higher speeds.
The basic highway test cycle still tops out at an unrealistic 60mph and the average is just 48mph, so not representative of real driving today.
The EPA also takes into account additional variables, such as “High Speed”, “Air Conditioning” and “Cold Temperature” tests, to adjust the city and highway performance posted on each new car window sticker to ensure they are relevant to real-world use.
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All of this adds up to a significant difference between US range ratings. for electric cars and those found in similar cars in Europe.
Evaluation of the combined range of the U.S. it is usually considered accurate for electric cars operating in temperate climates where cabin heating is not required.
When full cabin heating is required, the range can be significantly reduced, sometimes by as much as 30 percent. Heating only the seats and steering wheel has less effect on range.
However, European car buyers are increasingly unhappy with the growing discrepancy between fuel economy ratings and their real-world results. Reports indicate that these differences are increasing, which has led to recommendations for changes to the testing regime.
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There are also at least some proposals to standardize performance testing across major markets, which would provide consistent ratings for the same car in Europe and North America.
They may not have long to wait, though: The second-generation Nissan Leaf, expected as a 2017 or 2018 model year, will likely have at least one variant that delivers 150 to 200 miles of range.
The press conference in Frankfurt concludes today. To catch all our latest coverage, head over to our Frankfurt Motor Show news hub.
Tags: Electric cars 2016 European EPA ratings Frankfurt Motor Show Frankfurt Motor Show Green Nissan Leaf Nissan News New plug-in cars Range test
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DUBAI, April 14 () – Iran’s move to enrich uranium to 60 percent purity is a response to sabotage at its main nuclear facility, President Hassan Rouhani said on Wednesday, adding that the Islamic Republic does not intend to build nuclear weapons.
After an explosion at the Natanz uranium enrichment site on Sunday that Tehran blamed on Israel’s arch-enemy, Iran said it would begin enriching uranium to 60 percent, a move that brings the fissile material closer to a bomb-fit level.
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“Of course, the security and intelligence officials must give the final report, but it seems that this is a Zionist crime and if the Zionists act against our country, we will be held accountable for it,” Rouhani told a televised cabinet meeting.
“Our response to their malicious intent is to replace the damaged centrifuge with a more advanced one and increase enrichment to 60% at the Natanz facility.”
The International Atomic Energy Agency, the UN’s nuclear watchdog, said on Tuesday it had been informed of Iran’s decision. read again
Iran’s 2015 nuclear deal with the six powers, which has been in violation since the United States withdrew in 2018 and reimposed sanctions on Tehran, limits the fissile purity Tehran can refine into uranium at 3.67 percent.
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This is well below the 20% achieved before the agreement and well below the 90% suitable for nuclear weapons.
In an apparent attempt to increase pressure on the administration of the President of the United States. Joe Biden is eager to revive the deal, Iran has in recent months increased enrichment to 20% purity, the level at which uranium is considered highly enriched.
France said on Tuesday it was coordinating a response with world powers, including the United States, after Iran announced it would begin enriching uranium to 60 percent. read again
Washington described Iran’s announcement as “provocative” and said the US government was concerned, adding that it questioned Tehran’s seriousness in nuclear talks.
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Last week, Iran and world powers held what they described as “constructive” talks to save the 2015 deal.
Talks will resume Thursday in Vienna to discuss sanctions that Washington may lift and nuclear sanctions that Tehran may adhere to.
“They (Israel) want our hands to be empty in the negotiations, but we will be in the negotiations with a stronger hand,” Rouhani said.
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