150 Kilometers To Miles

150 Kilometers To Miles – Bosnians carry coffins at the funeral of 127 victims at the Potocari memorial near Srebrenica, 150 kilometers northeast of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Monday, July 11, 2016. Twenty-one years ago, on July 11, In 1995, Serb forces invaded the Muslim region of eastern Bosnia in Srebrenica, killing about 8,000 Muslim men and boys, in international courts that declared it a genocide, and the newly recognized people of Srebrenica are also involved. (AP Photo/Amel Emrick)

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150 Kilometers To Miles

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How Far Is Earth From The Sun?

The Earth moves around the Sun in a slightly circular path, called an ellipse. So the distance of the earth from the sun changes during the year.

However, the average distance from Earth to the Sun is 93 million miles (150 million kilometers). Scientists call this distance one astronomical unit (AU).

The universe is a big place, and sometimes researchers use astronomical units to determine how far away objects are from each other. For example, Jupiter orbits about 5 AU from the Sun.

In early January, Earth will come closest to the stars. Astronomers call this point perihelion, and at this point Earth is 91.4 million kilometers (147.1 million miles) from the sun, according to NASA.

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Remember that the Earth’s distance from the Sun does not determine the seasons we experience. Seasons are determined by the tilt of the planet’s edge. This is why the climate in the Southern Hemisphere of the Earth is always opposite to the climate in the Northern Hemisphere.

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Half a year after perihelion, the Earth reaches its furthest point from the star, which is called aphelion. At this time, Earth is 94.5 million kilometers (152.1 million miles) from the Sun. Aphelion occurs in early July.

The International Astronomical Union (IAU) is a non-profit international organization that, among other things, identifies astronomical objects. In August 2012, the members of the IAU voted to adopt a more accurate scale of 1 AU.

The astronomical unit is now more accurately defined as “a sphere equal to 149,597,870,700 meters”. This means approximately 92,955,807 miles (149,597,871 km).

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Why is this idea important? In the past, the process that determined the cost of AU Africa was based on a number of factors including solar energy. But this value changes because the star simply converts its mass into energy, according to a 2012 Nature report.

Einstein’s theory of general relativity also makes AU observation possible because -time is proportional to the observer’s position on the sun. This complexity has made it difficult for planetary scientists to use planetary models.

The recently accepted value of the IAU is measured using the speed of light in a vacuum.

The first known to measure the distance to the sun was the Greek astronomer Aristarchus of Samos, who lived from 310 BC. Until 230 B.C. He used the phases of the moon to measure the size and distance of the sun and the moon.

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When the half moon appears in the earth’s sky, the center of the earth and the center of the moon form a line, and another line with an angle of 90 degrees forms a line that can be drawn from the center of the moon to the sky. month. Sun center. Using trigonometry, Aristarchus was able to determine how small the area of ​​a triangle is based on the two imaginary lines. The hypotenuse gives the distance between the sun and the earth.

Although it was not clear, Aristotle provided simple information about the dimensions and distances of three bodies, which led him to conclude that the Earth revolves around the Sun, 1,700 years before Nicolaus Copernicus proposed the heliocentric model of the solar system.

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In 1653, the astronomer Christian Huygens calculated the distance from the Earth to the Sun. Like Aristotle, he used the phases of Venus to find angles in the Venus-Earth-Sun triangle. Thanks to the presence of the telescope, very accurate measurements of its AU are possible.

By estimating the size of Venus, Huygens was able (correctly, by accident) to determine the distance from Venus to Earth. Knowing that distance, he was able to measure the distance from the Earth to the Sun by turning the triangle. However, because Huygens’ method was speculative and not scientifically based, he often gets no credit.

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In 1672, Giovanni Cassini used a combination of parallax, or angular variation, to find the distance to Mars and calculate the distance to the Sun. While in Paris, he sent his friend Jean Richter to Cayenne, French Guiana (near Kourou, northwest of central Guiana). At the same time, they both measured the position of Mars relative to the background stars, and placed the measurements three times at the known distance between Paris and French Guiana. Once you find the distance to Mars, you can also calculate the distance from Earth to the Sun. Cassini often gets credit for its scientific approach.

These methods are why astronomers continue to use the distance from the Earth to the Sun as a scale to define the planets.

“Expressing distances in astronomical units has allowed astronomers to solve the problem of measuring distances in other bodies,” said Nicole Capitain, an astronomer at the University of Paris. “This method was useful for many years, because astronomers could not measure the distance of the sun as an angle.”

The sun is among the solar planets. All bodies in the solar system – planets, asteroids, comets, etc. – rotate at different distances.

Fig 1 Toda Stein Revised

The closest planet to the Sun, Mercury, is 47 million miles (47 million km) in an elliptical orbit, while the objects in the Oort cloud are thought to be about 9.3 trillion miles (9.3 trillion km) from the icy shell. Solar system. 15 trillion km.)

Everything else falls in between. For example, Jupiter is 5.2 AU from the Sun. Neptune is 30.07 AU from the Sun.

According to NASA, the distance to the nearest star, Proxima Centauri, is 268,770 AU. However, when measuring distances, astronomers use light years, or the distance that light travels in one Earth year, equal to 63,239 AU. So Proxima Centauri is 4.25 years away.

Watch a video explaining Aristotle’s method of calculating the distance from the Earth to the Sun. NASA’s Solar Fact Sheet provides basic statistics about our star, and its Solar System Explorer page provides detailed information on solar science and the activities that study the Sun. With NASA, you can look far into the solar system and beyond.

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Doris is a science journalist and activist. B.A. in Sociology and Communications from Fordham University in New York City. His first work was published in association with the London Mining Network, where his love of science writing was born. His interest in astronomy began as a child when he helped his sister build a solar system in the Bronx. He made his first foray into astronomy as an editor and continues to write about the universe for the website. Doris also writes for Scientific American about plant life and about whales in their print magazine. He wrote about Inverse Ancient People, with stories ranging from how to recreate Pompeii cuisine to how to trace the development of Polynesia through genomics. He currently lives at home with two rabbits. Follow him on Twitter at @salazar_elin. Copyright © 2023, The San Diego Union-Tribune | CA Collection Information | Do not sell or share my personal information

Tour guide Afrim Senaj, 44, shows the underground tunnels in the town of Kukes, 150 kilometers (90 miles) north of Tirana, Albania, Wednesday, March 15, 2023. A new museum of tunnels built during the former communist regime keeps people a

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